Bachmann–Kühn’s Brackets and Multiple Zeta Values at Level N

Haiping Yuan, York College of Pennsylvania
Jianqiang Zhao, Eckerd College

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Multiple zeta values (MZVs) are generalizations of Riemann zeta values at positive integers to multiple variable setting. These values can be further generalized to level N multiple polylog values by evaluating multiple polylogs at Nth roots of unity. In this paper, we consider another level Ngeneralization by restricting the indices in the iterated sums defining MZVs to congruence classes modulo N, which we call the MZVs at level N. The goals of this paper are twofold. First, we shall lay down the theoretical foundations of these values such as their regularizations and double shuffle relations. Second, we will generalize the bracket functions related to multiple divisor sums defined by Bachmann and Kühn to arbitrary level N and study their relations to MZVs at level N. The brackets are all q-series and similar to MZVs, they have both weight and depth filtrations. But unlike that of MZVs, the product of brackets usually has mixed weights; however, after projecting to the highest weight we can obtain an algebra homomorphism from brackets to MZVs. Moreover, the image of the derivation D=qddq on brackets vanishes on the MZV side, which gives rise to many nontrivial Q-linear relations