Title

An Integrative Attributional Perspective of Empowerment and Learned Helplessness: A Multimethod Field Study

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1-1998

Publication Title

Journal of Management

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639802400203

ISSN

1557-1211

Abstract

A multimethod study was conducted to explore the relationship between empowerment and Learned Helplessness (LH). Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to examine the attributions, expectancies, affect, and behaviors associated with empowerment and LH. Thematic, nonparametric, and parametric analyses of interview, questionnaire, and observational data indicated reliable and reciprocal differences between empowered and LH individuals regardless of the method used for measuring the data. Implications of the results and refinements to theories of empowerment and LH are discussed.

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