Title

The Effect of Fuel Injector Spacing, Angle, and Blowing Ratio on the Fuel Air Mixing Performance of a Scramjet Engine

Location

Presentation- Allen E. Paulson College of Engineering and Computing

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis Presentation (Restricted to Georgia Southern)

Faculty Mentor

Marcel Ilie

Faculty Mentor Email

milie@georgiasouthern.edu

Presentation Year

2021

Start Date

26-4-2021 12:00 AM

End Date

30-4-2021 12:00 AM

Keywords

scramjet, fuel injector

Description

In the operation of a scramjet engine, which operates at hypersonic velocities, one of the most important factors is mixing the fuel and air before the high velocity air stream through the engine blows the mixture out of the engine before it could burn. Because of the importance of rapidly mixing fuel and air within a scramjet engine, there are multiple design elements used to increase mixing. One of which is called a flame holder cavity, which is usually located behind fuel injectors, and designed with an open (length to depth ratio is less than 10) geometry to promote recirculation of the fuel and air. Additional factors which may effect the mixing within the engine are the spacing between fuel injectors, the angle of the fuel injectors, and the blowing ratio of the fuel injectors which is the ratio of fluid entering through the fuel injectors to fluid entering the engines main inlet. These three factors based around the fuel injectors are studied utilizing multiple models of as base scramjet, with modified fuel injectors to test each of these variables. Utilizing the scramjet models prepared in Solidworks, Ansys CFX could then be used to test how the modifications preformed. These tests allow the optimal combination of fuel injector spacing, angle, and blowing ratio to be found.

Academic Unit

Allen E. Paulson College of Engineering and Computing

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Apr 26th, 12:00 AM Apr 30th, 12:00 AM

The Effect of Fuel Injector Spacing, Angle, and Blowing Ratio on the Fuel Air Mixing Performance of a Scramjet Engine

Presentation- Allen E. Paulson College of Engineering and Computing

In the operation of a scramjet engine, which operates at hypersonic velocities, one of the most important factors is mixing the fuel and air before the high velocity air stream through the engine blows the mixture out of the engine before it could burn. Because of the importance of rapidly mixing fuel and air within a scramjet engine, there are multiple design elements used to increase mixing. One of which is called a flame holder cavity, which is usually located behind fuel injectors, and designed with an open (length to depth ratio is less than 10) geometry to promote recirculation of the fuel and air. Additional factors which may effect the mixing within the engine are the spacing between fuel injectors, the angle of the fuel injectors, and the blowing ratio of the fuel injectors which is the ratio of fluid entering through the fuel injectors to fluid entering the engines main inlet. These three factors based around the fuel injectors are studied utilizing multiple models of as base scramjet, with modified fuel injectors to test each of these variables. Utilizing the scramjet models prepared in Solidworks, Ansys CFX could then be used to test how the modifications preformed. These tests allow the optimal combination of fuel injector spacing, angle, and blowing ratio to be found.