Goal Orientation, Motivational Climate, and Exercise as Predictors of Eating Disorder Risk Factors Among College Students

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Journal of American College Health




Objectives: This study examined how goal orientation, motivational climate, and exercise could be used to predict college students’ eating disorder symptomology. Participants: Recruited in February 2017, the participants included 275 college-aged students from a university in the southeastern United States. Methods: Using achievement goal theory as the framework to conceptualize motivations behind eating disorder behaviors, each participant filled out questionnaires related to goal mindsets, perceptions of the social climate in the university recreation center, and exercise habits. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analyses, with R coefficients being used to evaluate prediction models. Results: The results of the study suggested that goal orientation and ego-involving climate were the only significant predictors of eating disorder symptomology, accounting for 3.4% of the total variance. Conclusions: This study provided preliminary evidence of the importance of studying achievement goal theory-related variables that contribute to our understanding of eating disorder symptomology in the collegiate population.


Copyright and Open Access:https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/18881