Term of Award

2005

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Department

Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

A. Barry Joiner

Committee Member 1

A. Barry Joyner

Committee Member 2

Anthony V. Parillo

Committee Member 3

Bryan Reimann

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if motivational signs encouraging stair use could decrease elevator travel in women. Observational data coded women using the elevator by direction of travel, ethnicity, and weight. After a 2-week baseline signs encouraging stair use were placed throughout the academic building. The signs were removed for a week of follow-up observations. An 8-question survey was also administered to 61 women. A trend towards significant decreases in elevator travel was found (p=.076). The greatest decreases occurred in African American, and overweight women. Eighty-eight percent of those surveyed, who were elevator users, reported the signs did prompt them to use the stairs over the elevator. The trend towards significance, coupled with the survey showing a high influence of the signs suggests a multi-placement prompt strategy may be beneficial in decreasing sedentary methods of travel in buildings where the probability of repeat travel is high.

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