Term of Award

Spring 2007

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Jonathan N. Metzler

Committee Member 1

Daniel R. Czech

Committee Member 2

A. Barry Joyner


Over time and across various situations, optimistic individuals have mostly positive expectancies for future events. The Life Orientation Test - Revised (LOT-R) was designed to assess individuals global expectancies for the future as an indication of dispositional optimism; however, global assessment may include content irrelevance related to sport outcomes. The present study evaluated the inter-item preferred sport contextualization of the LOT-R to decrease attenuation and thus enhance predictive validity. College athletes (N = 423) completed an online version of a variety of questionnaires. With dispositional optimism controlled, regression analyses revealed sport optimism to explain additional variance in both general and sport related measures. Sport optimism contributed more to overall variance explained for sport, compared to global, outcomes. Sport psychology professionals may benefit from utilizing preferred sport contextualization of the LOT-R.

Research Data and Supplementary Material