Term of Award

Spring 2007

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Daniel R. Czech

Committee Member 1

Barry Joyner

Committee Member 2

Drew Zwald


One of the challenges in athletic performance is maintaining focus on relevant information. Focusing on irrelevant information can cause inconsistency during performance (Boutcher & Crews, 1987). Both cognitive and behavioral routines have shown to be beneficial to help achieve optimal concentration in the sport of golf (Cohn, Rotella & Lloyd, 1990). Although this is the case, little research has been found which has examined preshot routines from a qualitative perspective. The purpose of the current study was to gain an existential phenomenological understanding of preshot routines among elite professional golfers during performance. Eight professional golfers were interviewed for the study. The primary research question for this study was: What is the lived experience of elite professional golfers when they utilize a preshot routine? Following the interviews, transcriptions were made which were analyzed by the research team to draw conclusions about the experience of preshot routines among the participants. Major themes consisted of routines assisted with optimal focus, physical aspects of routine and various routines for the type of shot, which were then followed by subthemes under each major theme.

Research Data and Supplementary Material