Term of Award

Spring 2005

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

A. Barry Joyner

Committee Member 1

Daniel Czech

Committee Member 2

Drew Zwald


This study examined relationships between career decision-making and self-esteem for freshman and sophomore athletes and non-athletes. Respondents included athletes and non-athletes from traditional four-year institutions and two-year junior colleges. Questionnaires administered to 107 male and female athletes and 136 male and female non-athletes in both class ranks indicated positive relationships with the Career Decision Profile Decidedness and Comfort scales for all female participants, male participants, non-athletes, and athletes. Women as a group scored higher for career maturity than men. Relationships were found with Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale scores and the CDP Comfort scale for all participants and for all male participants. Athletes scored higher than non-athletes for self-esteem, and freshmen athletes were found to be higher in self-esteem than sophomore athletes. Male participants also scored higher for self-esteem than female athletes.