Term of Award

Spring 2005

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

A. Barry Joyner

Committee Member 1

Daniel Czech

Committee Member 2

Drew Zwald


This study examined relationships between career decision-making and self-esteem for freshman and sophomore athletes and non-athletes. Respondents included athletes and non-athletes from traditional four-year institutions and two-year junior colleges. Questionnaires administered to 107 male and female athletes and 136 male and female non-athletes in both class ranks indicated positive relationships with the Career Decision Profile Decidedness and Comfort scales for all female participants, male participants, non-athletes, and athletes. Women as a group scored higher for career maturity than men. Relationships were found with Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale scores and the CDP Comfort scale for all participants and for all male participants. Athletes scored higher than non-athletes for self-esteem, and freshmen athletes were found to be higher in self-esteem than sophomore athletes. Male participants also scored higher for self-esteem than female athletes.

Research Data and Supplementary Material