Term of Award

Fall 2006

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (M.P.H.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Department

Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health

Committee Chair

Joanne Chopak-Foss

Committee Member 1

Anthony V. Parrillo

Committee Member 2

Laura H. Gunn

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore body dissatisfaction and other sociocultural factors as predictors of body image perceptions in college-aged sorority and non-sorority women. The Social Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) (Thompson et al, 2004), the Body Dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorders Inventory 3 (EDI-3) (Garner, 2004), the Body Image Assessment (BIA) (Williamson et. al., 1985), the Mother Influence Scale, Parent Involvement Scale and the Peer Influence Scale (Thompson, Heinberg, Altabe, & Tantleff-Dunn, 1998) were used. The sample for this study included a total of 502 college age women N sorority = 322 and Nnon-sorority= 180. Data analysis includes independent sample t=tests, Pearson correlations were conducted on EDI-3 and Body Image Assessment scores (BIA) by Greek membership. Multiple regression was used to analyze sociocultural influences and EDI-3 Body Dissatisfaction scores by Greek membership. Results indicated that body image perceptions of both sorority and non-sorority women were significantly affected by peer and media influences. The level of statistical significance was set at α = .05.

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