Term of Award

Spring 2021

Degree Name

Master of Science, Kinesiology - Athletic Training Concentration

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Jessica Mutchler

Committee Member 1

Brandonn Harris

Committee Member 2

Charles H. Wilson


Purpose: To identify the type of motivation that was most common among NCAA Division I athletes to continue training during a period of quarantine and how this differs between sexes. Methods: Male and female student-athletes from a university in the southern United States were recruited for the study. 47 participants (males = 13, females = 34) completed the Sport Motivation Scale-II (SMS-II) and Basic Needs Satisfaction in Sport Sale (BNSSS) questionnaire to determine their motivation and basic needs satisfaction during the period of imposed quarantine. Data Analysis: A Mann-Whitney-U test was calculated to determine the differences of composite intrinsic motivation and composite extrinsic motivation and subscales of BNSSS between sex. This was also used to examine the within-sex differences in composite motivation scores. Results: A total of 47 athletes completed the study. Both males and females reported statistically significant higher intrinsic motivation scores than extrinsic motivation scores on the SMS-II [(M: Intrinsic: 39.9 ± 18.0, Extrinsic: 22.2 ± 11.7; p = .003; d = 1.16) (F: Intrinsic: 42.2 ± 13.2, Extrinsic: 28.1 ± 11.7; p < .001; d = 1.12)]. No other statistically significant differences were observed (P > .05). Relatedness scored the highest for both males and females on the BNSSS. Conclusion: Collegiate athletes, regardless of sex, reported higher levels of intrinsic motivation than extrinsic, and scored satisfaction of relatedness the highest when reflecting on maintaining their sport training during quarantine.

OCLC Number


Research Data and Supplementary Material