The Mediation of Perfectionism and Rumination on Mindfulness and Burnout in Collegiate Athletes
Term of Award
Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)
Document Type and Release Option
Thesis (open access)
Copyright Statement / License for Reuse
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Several positive and negative sport-related experiences can occur throughout an athlete’s career, which can affect the continuation or termination of said career. Although research has associated sport participation with positive outcomes (e.g., increases in motivation, autonomy), there are also negative sport-related outcomes such as burnout (Akhrem & Gazdowska, 2016; Garcia, 2015). Specifically, burnout has been identified as a multidimensional construct that includes three dimensions. Furthermore, mindfulness has been studied to minimize the risk of experiencing burnout (Kabat-Zinn, 2003). While several studies have examined mediators between mindfulness and burnout, there has been a dearth of research on perfectionism and rumination as mediators. Perfectionism and rumination can be considered multidimensional traits with adaptive and maladaptive qualities that remain stable across situations. It was hypothesized that perfectionism and rumination would significantly mediate the relationship between mindfulness and burnout in collegiate athletes. Results found that depressive rumination and doubts about actions significantly mediate the relationship between mindfulness and subscales of burnout. If athletes specifically exhibit a higher susceptibility to burnout, monitoring depressive rumination and doubts about actions while improving mindfulness can reduce the risk of burnout. Practical implications and future directions are also discussed.
McMillen, Nicholas S., "The Mediation of Perfectionism and Rumination on Mindfulness and Burnout in Collegiate Athletes" (2018). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1787.
Research Data and Supplementary Material