Term of Award

Winter 2015

Degree Name

Doctor of Public Health in Community Health Behavior and Education (Dr.P.H.)

Document Type and Release Option

Dissertation (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health

Committee Chair

Evans Afriyie-Gyawu

Committee Member 1

Andrew Hansen

Committee Member 2

Gulzar Shah


Utilization of automobile tires to singe meat (e.g., cows) intended for human consumption presents public health risks due to hazardous chemicals released into the environment and meat. This has become a common practice in some African countries such as Ghana. The objective of this study was to investigate the awareness and perception of the residents in three major cities of Ghana (Cape Coast, Kumasi and Accra) using the Health Belief Model and Social Ecological Model. Survey participants (n=196) and focus group discussion members (n=37) completed the study. Data collected from study participants included meat consumption, awareness of the use of automobile tires to singe meat, perceived health threats, perceived barriers and subjective norms regarding the practice of singeing meat with tires. Descriptive statistics, one sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the quantitative data. The qualitative data were transcribed and coded for common themes. About 74% of the survey participants agreed that meat consumption in the area was high and frequent. A significant number of the study participants (76%) was aware of the use of tires to singe meat in the abattoirs and slaughterhouses (p