The Prevalence of Impaired Type 2 Fasting Blood Glucose Concentrations Among College-Aged Individuals
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Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)
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Thesis (open access)
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Amy Jo Riggs
Committee Member 1
Committee Member 2
Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is a condition where fasting blood glucose (FBG) is above normal but not high enough to be considered diabetic. IFG is linked with many comorbid diseases such as obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to observe anthropometric values including weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference and assesses the prevalence of IFG concentration in college-aged students. One hundred and ninety-eight students participated in a one-time assessment. The subjects completed a physical activity questionnaire, current medical history, FBG, and anthropometric values following an overnight fast. The prevalence of IFG was low with 12.6% (n=25) of total participants. Results showed that 41.9% (n=83) of participants were overweight/obese when classified according to BMI. Seventeen (60.7%) of those with IFG were classified as overweight/obese. There were no significant differences between FBG groups and weight (p=0.373), waist circumference (p=0.412), and BMI (p=0.114). However, there were significant correlations between FBG and weight (r=0.160, p=0.024), and waist circumference (r=0.173, p=0.015). In conclusion, the majority of these subjects had a normal FBG (87.4%, n=173) however almost half (41.9%, n=83) were considered overweight/obese and this is due to a drastic increase in an overweight younger population. Among the participants with IFG, 40.0% (n=10) participated in <3 days of aerobic activity per week while those with a normal FBG, 2 62.4% (n=108) participated in >3 days of aerobic activity per week. This suggested that healthy lifestyle choices may improve parameters of chronic disease.
Graham, Elizabeth, "The Prevalence of Impaired Type 2 Fasting Blood Glucose Concentrations Among College-Aged Individuals" (2011). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 124.
Research Data and Supplementary Material