Term of Award

Summer 2011

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Department

Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Amy Jo Riggs

Committee Member 1

Jim McMillan

Committee Member 2

Barry Joyner

Abstract

Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is a condition where fasting blood glucose (FBG) is above normal but not high enough to be considered diabetic. IFG is linked with many comorbid diseases such as obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to observe anthropometric values including weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference and assesses the prevalence of IFG concentration in college-aged students. One hundred and ninety-eight students participated in a one-time assessment. The subjects completed a physical activity questionnaire, current medical history, FBG, and anthropometric values following an overnight fast. The prevalence of IFG was low with 12.6% (n=25) of total participants. Results showed that 41.9% (n=83) of participants were overweight/obese when classified according to BMI. Seventeen (60.7%) of those with IFG were classified as overweight/obese. There were no significant differences between FBG groups and weight (p=0.373), waist circumference (p=0.412), and BMI (p=0.114). However, there were significant correlations between FBG and weight (r=0.160, p=0.024), and waist circumference (r=0.173, p=0.015). In conclusion, the majority of these subjects had a normal FBG (87.4%, n=173) however almost half (41.9%, n=83) were considered overweight/obese and this is due to a drastic increase in an overweight younger population. Among the participants with IFG, 40.0% (n=10) participated in <3 days of aerobic activity per week while those with a normal FBG, 2 62.4% (n=108) participated in >3 days of aerobic activity per week. This suggested that healthy lifestyle choices may improve parameters of chronic disease.

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