Term of Award

Spring 2011

Degree Name

Master of Science in Kinesiology (M.S.)

Document Type and Release Option

Thesis (open access)

Copyright Statement / License for Reuse

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


Department of Health and Kinesiology

Committee Chair

Noah Gentner

Committee Member 1

Barry Joyner

Committee Member 2

Sarah Carson

Committee Member 3

Dan Czech

Committee Member 3 Email



Context: Imagery has been shown to be an effective tool for enhancing performance in a variety of sports. Specifically, imagery has been found to be extremely effective within the sport of golf (e.g., Nicholls & Polman, 2005; Woolfork, Parish, & Murphy's, 1985). For example, Ploszay, Gentner, Skinner, and Wrisberg (2006) found imagery to improve putting performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that a PETTLEP imagery intervention implemented into a pre shot routine had on a full swing golf shot. A single subjects design was used with three conditions: imagery before pre shot routine, imagery after pre shot routine and a control condition. Participants were nine undergraduate volunteers with an average age of 19.3 years and an average golf score of 82.1. Three sets of data were recorded: total score, balls in A1 (the closest area to the pin in a standardized scoring target grid), and balls in A5 (anything outside of the grid). It was found that all imagery participants improved from baseline to intervention in all three aspects, while the control group elicited consistent or decreases in performance. Imagery had the greatest impact on performance for balls hit in A5. Implications from this study may benefit golfers of any skill level and sport psychology consultants working with golfers who want to increase their full swing shot accuracy.

Research Data and Supplementary Material