Rural/Urban Differences in Drunk Driving and Riding with a Drunk Driver among Students
Purpose: The study examined rural/urban differences in driving under the influence and/or riding in a car driven by someone under the influence among high school students throughout Georgia.
Methods: As part of the 2013 Georgia Student Health Survey II, administered annually throughout the public school system in Georgia, students were asked whether they had driven a car while under the influence and whether they had ridden in a car driven by someone else who was under the influence (past 30 days). Responses from 114,907 11th-12th grade students for driving under the influence and 268,610 9th-12th grade students on riding in a car driven by someone under the influence were analyzed using mixed binary linear regressions adjusted for individual, school, and county-level effects.
Results: While only 4% of 11th and 12th grade students reported driving under the influence, over 10% of students reported having ridden in a car with a driver who was under the influence. In adjusted analyses, while rural students were not more likely to have driven under the influence, they were 18% more likely to have ridden in a car driven by someone under the influence (ORADJ = 1.18; 95% CI: 1.07-1.31).
Conclusions: Driving under the influence and riding with an impaired driver seem to be distinct risk behaviors. Although there were no differences between rural/urban students in prevalence of driving under the influence, rural students were more likely to ride in a car with an impaired driver. Implications for health education and program development will be discussed.
American Public Health Association Annual Conference (APHA)
Smalley, Bryant, Jacob Warren, Yelena N. Tarasenko, K. Nikki Barefoot.
"Rural/Urban Differences in Drunk Driving and Riding with a Drunk Driver among Students."
Epidemiology Faculty Presentations.