Local Violence, Academic Performance, and School Accountability
Proceedings of the American Economic Association Annual Meeting
Standardized test scores and value-added measures largely determine "grades" assigned to teachers and schools. Poor evaluations have severe implications: in some cases, entire schools may be closed or replaced by a charter. Although evaluation depends on within-school factors, random shocks external to the school environment may affect measured test performance and evaluations. In this article, we study a salient shock: violent crime. Our results suggest exposure to an additional violent event is associated with decreased test performance. These performance declines are consequential as the schools impacted by within-testing period violent crime are also less likely to meet accountability standards.
Casey, Marcus, Jeffrey C. Schiman, Maciej Wachala.
"Local Violence, Academic Performance, and School Accountability."
Proceedings of the American Economic Association Annual Meeting, 108: 213-216.