Implementation of a personal fitness unit using the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI)

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Background/Purpose: Levels of physical activity and health-related fitness (HRF) are decreasing among adolescents in the United States. Several interventions have been implemented to reverse this downtrend. Traditionally, physical educators incorporate a Direct Instruction (DI) strategy when teaching potentially leading students to disengage during class. An instructional strategy that has shown to be effective in increasing content knowledge and skill competency in physical education is the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI).

Method: Students (N=24) from a private, urban high school in a major city within the Mountain West region of the United States participated in the six week study. Video and audio taping, along with interviews and journals were used to determine if criteria standards associated with PSI were met.

Analysis/Results: Study results were compared with previous established confirmation criteria for PSI. Outcomes showed that 3 of the 4 components of PSI were met as well as 10 of 12 design features suggesting that implementing the personal fitness unit using PSI was successful.

Conclusions: With its characteristics of self-pacing and mastery learning, PSI has the potential to be an effective teaching model within physical education.


Society of Health and Physical Educators National Convention (SHAPE)


Seattle, WA