Efficacy Study of a Group-Based Promotora Intervention to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Among Immigrant Latina Women
Background: This study evaluates the feasibility and efficacy of a promotora-led, Spanish-language educational group session on cervical cancer screening (Pap tests), self-efficacy (belief in ability to schedule and complete a Pap test), and knowledge among Latina immigrants compared to a control condition.
Methods: The group-based promotora intervention, Salud es Vida, consisted of a toolkit of materials which includes a curriculum guide, a brochure, a flipchart, a short animated video, and in-class activities. Data from baseline and follow-up/post-intervention surveys were used to assess differences in obtaining a Pap test using the Chi-square test of independence and in self-efficacy and knowledge scores using t-tests.
Results: We recruited 38 women to the intervention and 52 women to the control who were due for Pap test screening. After an average of 8 months until the follow-up assessment, twelve (32%) intervention participants received the Pap test and 10 (19%) control participants received the Pap test (p = .178). At follow-up, the intervention group participants had higher total cervical cancer knowledge and higher self-efficacy scores, adjusting for the posttest scores, respectively (p's < .05).
Conclusions: The findings from this feasibility study using a group intervention approach suggest intervention efficacy for increasing cervical cancer knowledge and self-efficacy; however, these secondary outcomes alone were not sufficient to increase cervical cancer screening rates in this Latina immigrant population during the study period.
Cervical Cancer Free South Carolina Conference
Luque, John S., Yelena N. Tarasenko, Moya L. Alfonso, Claudia M. Reyes-Garcia, Laura Rebing, Daron Ferris.
"Efficacy Study of a Group-Based Promotora Intervention to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Among Immigrant Latina Women."
Community Health Faculty Presentations.