Title

Efficacy Study of a Group-based Promotora Intervention to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening among Immigrant Latina Women

Document Type

Presentation

Publication Date

11-2015

Abstract

Background: This study evaluates the feasibility and efficacy of a promotora-led, Spanish-language educational group session on cervical cancer screening (Pap tests), self-efficacy (belief in ability to schedule and complete a Pap test), and knowledge among Latina immigrants compared to a control condition.

Methods: The group-based promotora intervention, Salud es Vida, consisted of a toolkit of materials which includes a curriculum guide, a brochure, a flipchart, a short animated video, and in-class activities. Data from baseline and follow-up/post-intervention surveys were used to assess differences in obtaining a Pap test using the Chi-square test of independence and in self-efficacy and knowledge scores using t-tests.

Results: We recruited 38 women to the intervention and 52 women to the control who were due for Pap test screening. After an average of 8 months until the follow-up assessment, twelve (32%) intervention participants received the Pap test and 10 (19%) control participants received the Pap test (p = .178). At follow-up, the intervention group participants had higher total cervical cancer knowledge and higher self-efficacy scores, adjusting for the posttest scores, respectively (p's < .05).

Conclusions: The findings from this feasibility study using a group intervention approach suggest intervention efficacy for increasing cervical cancer knowledge and self-efficacy; however, these secondary outcomes alone were not sufficient to increase cervical cancer screening rates in this Latina immigrant population during the study period.

Sponsorship/Conference/Institution

American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Conference on the Science of Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved

Location

Atlanta, GA

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