Compaction-Induced Stress in Geosynthetic-Reinforced Granular Base Course – A Discrete Element Model
Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
A discrete element method (DEM) model was used to simulate the development of compaction-induced stress in a granular base course, with and without geogrid reinforcement. The granular base course was modeled as a mixture of uniformly sized triangular particles. The geogrid was modeled as a series of equally spaced balls that interact with each other through long-range interaction contacts. The long-range interaction contact was also used to simulate a deformable subgrade. The compactor was modeled as a solid cylinder rolling at a constant speed. The DEM model shows that the geogrid-reinforced granular base course gains additional compaction-induced stress due to the residual tensile stress developed in the geogrid. The residual tensile stress in the geogrid increases with the number of compaction passes. Parametric analyses were also conducted to assess the effects of geogrid stiffness and subgrade modulus on the compaction-induced stress.
Pei, Te, Xiaoming Yang.
"Compaction-Induced Stress in Geosynthetic-Reinforced Granular Base Course – A Discrete Element Model."
Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 10 (4): 669-677: Elsevier.
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