Proposal Title

Relative Autonomy Index and Student Motivation

Co-Authors

Christopher Niemiec, University of Rochester

Track

Research Proposal / Learning Theories and Pedagogy

Proposal Abstract

The relative autonomy index as measured by a modified self-regulation questionnaire was used to measure relative autonomy and its relationship to grade and expected grade. Findings include that students with high RAI scores and high grades and lower grade expectations. Conversely students with low RAI scores who earned lower grades in the class had higher grade expectations.

Proposal Description

The purpose of the research study was to modify the Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ, Ryan & Connell, 1989), a well-researched instrument used to examine motivation, to compute a Relative Autonomy Index (RAI) and determine the reliability of the instrument, align findings with theory and examine whether the increase in RAI correlate with the predicted academic performance by students enrolled in Human Anatomy and Physiology, Principles of Chemistry and Organic chemistry classes during fall 2014 and spring 2015 semesters. The 24-question survey was administered at the beginning and end of each of two consecutive semesters. One class in each section was also administered a mid-semester survey to confirm the test-retest reliability data. Based on a sample of 1,305 respondents (response rate 73%), the instrument’s internal consistency reliability was measured at .87, and the test-retest reliability of the instrument was .82 and was found to be psychometrically-sound. Additionally, further correlational analyses demonstrated the quasi-simplex nature expected of the RAI, which supported the theoretical continuum proffered by RAI with those motivational styles that are closest on the continuum having the highest correlations with one another, and those motivational styles that are furthest on the continuum having the lowest correlations with one another.

Session Format

Presentation Session

Location

Room 1

Publication Type and Release Option

Presentation (Open Access)

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Mar 30th, 4:00 PM Mar 30th, 4:45 PM

Relative Autonomy Index and Student Motivation

Room 1

The relative autonomy index as measured by a modified self-regulation questionnaire was used to measure relative autonomy and its relationship to grade and expected grade. Findings include that students with high RAI scores and high grades and lower grade expectations. Conversely students with low RAI scores who earned lower grades in the class had higher grade expectations.