Presentation Title

An Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Emergency Response Communication System

Location

Room 2905 B

Session Format

Paper Presentation

Research Area Topic:

Engineering and Material Sciences - Electrical

Abstract

Communication during emergency or disaster situations is extremely important. Loss of life can occur without the ability to call for help or warn others of an emergency. Public communication relies on the telephone network to be able to communicate with emergency services. Calls are routed through either a cell tower or a landline to the backbone network. During emergency situations, this infrastructure can become damaged and inoperable making calls impossible. A way to restore communication to these areas as quickly as possible is needed. We propose an emergency response communication system that uses Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAVs) to act as mobile base stations. Each UAV would provide coverage for a small area with multiple UAVs being able to provide coverage for a much larger area. These UAVs are able to form ad hoc networks, which means that information can be routed through multiple UAVs to reach the nearest working telephone access point. Simulation results for this research show the effect of signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) and reuse distance on channel capacity. It was seen that as SINR increases, the channel capacity will also increase (up to a certain threshold) while increasing the reuse distance will decrease the channel capacity. Both simulations were run with increasing numbers of UAVs in the system to check for consistency. Since UAVs are battery operated, they have a limited flight and operational time. In order to provide constant coverage and communication routing, one of two options must occur. Either the UAVs must be cycled out with fresh (recharged) UAVs or a more permanent communication response system must be implemented. Current response systems use ground-based mobile base stations that can take much time to reach an emergency area. The UAV system can be used in conjunction with a ground-based system in order to provide both a quick and more permanent communication.

Presentation Type and Release Option

Presentation (Open Access)

Start Date

4-16-2016 4:00 PM

End Date

4-16-2016 5:00 PM

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Apr 16th, 4:00 PM Apr 16th, 5:00 PM

An Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Emergency Response Communication System

Room 2905 B

Communication during emergency or disaster situations is extremely important. Loss of life can occur without the ability to call for help or warn others of an emergency. Public communication relies on the telephone network to be able to communicate with emergency services. Calls are routed through either a cell tower or a landline to the backbone network. During emergency situations, this infrastructure can become damaged and inoperable making calls impossible. A way to restore communication to these areas as quickly as possible is needed. We propose an emergency response communication system that uses Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAVs) to act as mobile base stations. Each UAV would provide coverage for a small area with multiple UAVs being able to provide coverage for a much larger area. These UAVs are able to form ad hoc networks, which means that information can be routed through multiple UAVs to reach the nearest working telephone access point. Simulation results for this research show the effect of signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) and reuse distance on channel capacity. It was seen that as SINR increases, the channel capacity will also increase (up to a certain threshold) while increasing the reuse distance will decrease the channel capacity. Both simulations were run with increasing numbers of UAVs in the system to check for consistency. Since UAVs are battery operated, they have a limited flight and operational time. In order to provide constant coverage and communication routing, one of two options must occur. Either the UAVs must be cycled out with fresh (recharged) UAVs or a more permanent communication response system must be implemented. Current response systems use ground-based mobile base stations that can take much time to reach an emergency area. The UAV system can be used in conjunction with a ground-based system in order to provide both a quick and more permanent communication.