Title

Employee Influenza Vaccination in Residential Care Facilities

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2014

Publication Title

American Journal of Infection Control

DOI

10.1016/j.ajic.2013.09.021

Abstract

Background: The organizational literature on infection control in residential care facilities is limited. Using a nationally representative dataset, we examined the organizational factors associated with implementing at least 1 influenza-related employee vaccination policy/program, as well as the effect of vaccination policies on health care worker (HCW) influenza vaccine uptake in residential care facilities.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study using data from the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to address the study’s objectives.

Results: Facility size, director’s educational attainment, and having a written influenza pandemic preparedness plan were significantly associated with the implementation of at least 1 influenza-related employee vaccination policy/program, after controlling for other facility-level factors. Recommending vaccination to employees, providing vaccination on site, providing vaccinations to employees at no cost, and requiring vaccination as a condition of employment were associated with higher employee influenza vaccination rates.

Conclusion: Residential care facilities can improve vaccination rates among employees by adopting effective employee vaccination policies.