Term of Award

Winter 2016

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology (Psy.D.)

Document Type and Release Option

Dissertation (open access)

Department

Department of Psychology

Committee Chair

Jeff Klibert

Committee Member 1

Nicholas Holtzman

Committee Member 2

Jessica Brooks

Abstract

Resilience is generally characterized as the ability to recover and grow following adversity (Connor & Davidson, 2003) and is considered an integral factor in the promotion of overall physical and psychological health (Masten & Reed, 2002). One factor thought to be associated with resilience is more frequent positive emotions, but the relationship between positive emotions and resilience varies (Tugade, Fredrickson, & Feldman-Barrett, 2004), suggesting moderating factors may be involved. Cognitive factors may be involved in determining the parameters that define when and to what degree this relationship occurs (Troy & Mauss, 2011). The current study was designed to further elucidate the relationship between positive emotions and resilience by examining the moderating effects of cognition, specifically positive and negative thinking styles. A sample 87 college men and 184 college women participated in this cross-sectional, correlational study by completing a series of online measures. Results indicated that positive affect was directly associated with resilience. In addition, different cognitive styles were associated with resilience in the expected directions. Finally, only negative thinking styles moderated the positive affect/resilience relationship. Implications for theory development and clinical interventions are discussed.

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