Title

Exploring the Relationship Between Gender Violence and State Failure: A Cross-National Comparison

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-2016

Publication Title

Violence Against Women

DOI

10.1177/1077801215624790

Abstract

The concept of state failure has only recently emerged in the political science and legal literature. Although state failure has been used to predict violent conflicts, and all citizens are affected by violence in failed/fragile states, women are especially at risk. Using data from the WomanStats project, this study’s findings reveal that the physical security of women is lower in failed/fragile states compared with more sustainable nations. The characteristics of failed states that increase the likelihood of various forms of violence against women are identified, including high levels of militarization, countries with neighboring states at war, and massive movement of refugees.